LOW VOLTAGE LIMITERS FOR RAILWAY APPLICATIONS
In case of failure arising from a contact between live parts of the power system and traction conductive portion unintentionally associated with return path limiter protects illegal contact voltage that becomes conductive and causes the power is turned off. According to EN 50122-1, this type of limiter is recommended primarily for connection between the protected area and return circuit in overhead line areas (or pantograph areas) that may be in contact with live conductors or damaged current collector, then the support structures pylons which can become live due to a fault isolation. After re-applied voltage drops below of its nominal level spark over voltage UVDC the limiter returns to the non-conducting state again.
Limiter is installed directly to a protected building structure (using two M12 bolts) so that, if activated, a conductive connection between this structure and the reverse circuit is created. The limiter can be activated either by flash current or by the current due to the unintentionaly contact of the protected metal construction with the downstream traction line. In this case a potencial difference of more than 400V occurs between these parts (applies to P400G) or 250V (applies to P250G). The built-in GDT immediately ignites (the response time is typically 20 nsec) and for a transitional period of both parts electrically interconnects (typical internal resistance initialized lightning arrestor P400G (P120G) is 0,001 ÷ 0,002 Ω). The duration of this transient process is automatically broken up by equalizing the potential between the protected structure and the reverse circuit when the GDT automatically switches off due to the of its gas filling.
1) Products P400G ( P250G ) are maintenance-free, have very little reaction time (20nsec), high insulation resistance (>1GΩ) and high protective ability. Next is this product resistant against to harsh treatment, acid rain and mechanical damage.
2) To perform diagnostics it is recommended to use measuring instrument G-TESTER (supplier ACER VOLTAGE s. r. o.). This device allows to control the one hand, the DC spark over voltage of the built GDT, then the value of the insulation resistance Risol (from 25VDC up to 1000VDC).